Older Women and the Pay Gap. The gender pay gap is larger in the private sector, at £3.11 per hour over the period 1993-2014, than in the public sector where the gap is £2.38 per hour (adjusted for inflation). They show the reduction of the unexplained residual between men and women’s pay gap was slower during the 1990s than the 1980s, which suggests that discrimination, selectivity, and differences in unmeasured characteristics may be the main causes of the slowdown. One of the most vexing political and social science problems is the persistence of the gender wage gap. Cole, Nicki Lisa, Ph.D. (2020, October 29). Although an increasing number of women have entered into high-paying occupations, their occupational mobility is compromised/offset by devaluation of these traditionally male-dominated but newly feminized occupations. Today, the pay gap between men and women tend to decrease but it remains narrowed slightly. Aside from this, there has been sufficient evidence that this form of wage discrimination exists in many cases for no other objective reason other than gender. Segregation and earnings disparities between blacks and whites observed at the turn of the 21st century in the US, are considerably lower than those documented in the middle of the 20th century. The gender pay gap is alive and well in Canada and many other advanced economies, according to a new global study by job search giant Glassdoor. Though many Americans would claim otherwise, these data clearly show that the vast majority of us, regardless of gender, view men’s labor as more valuable than women’s. The gender wage gap is well-established in societies around the world. Social scientists have documented through research spanning decades that the gender wage gap—wherein women, all else being equal, earn less than men for the same work—cannot be explained away by differences in education, type of job or role within an organization, or by the number of hours worked in a week or … Certainly, legislation like the Paycheck Fairness Act would help make visible, and thus challenge, the gender pay gap by providing legal channels for addressing this form of everyday discrimination. In March 2019, the Democrat-dominated House of Representatives passed the H.R.7 - Paycheck Fairness Act, a new attempt at the legislation that was first introduced in 1997. There are also racial disparities — white women and Asian American women, on average, make more than Hispanic, African American, or Native American women. Utah ranks 50th in the nation for its gender wage gap, where women earn 70 cents to every dollar a man makes in the state. Why do gendered gaps in pay and wealth exist? Such devaluation effect is stronger in high-wage male-typed occupations. While part-time women tended to earn slightly more than part-time men (6%), part-time women earned 36.5% less than full-time men. Graphic: Financial Times. This collection of rigorous and undisputed social science demonstrates that a gender gap exists when measured by hourly wages, weekly earnings, annual income, and wealth. This suggests that women’s relative gains to men’s may be illusory. In a recently published article in the American Journal of Sociology, we argue that looking at an organization’s choices is crucial to understanding the gender pay gap. 2008. Gender wage gap, in many industrialized countries, systemic differences between the average wages or salaries of men and those of women.. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/pay-inequality-based-on-gender-3026092. 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